Dental Facial Aesthetics
In Facial Aesthetics, we are looking at
facial features which are in some way non pleasing to the eyes. These may be
soft tissue features ( the flesh covering the face, or the hard tissue meaning
the bony structures of the face. Common soft tissue concerns are frown lines
and wrinkles. Hard tissue examples include under-developed nose bridges
and prominent jaw lines
Sometimes the anomalies can be intercepted
during growth with Orthodontic treatment. Examples are underdeveloped or
over-developed jaws, and some asymmetric growth of the jaw.
However, hard tissue features, once formed,
are not easily corrected in the adult. Full correction usually requires surgery
which many people find to be too invasive and costly.
The modern day approach to Facial
Aesthetics is to keep treatment simple and minimally invasive. An added
advantage is this keeps the cost down as well
For frown lines and wrinkles, it is
possible to inject a muscle relaxant to reduce the effect of muscle action which
is what causes the furrows in frown lines and wrinkles. The same muscle
relaxant can be used to reduce the action of the upper lip muscle so that any
prominent upper jaw is made less obvious because the upper lip will not pull
upwards as much as before. This is a simpler alternative to performing a jaw
surgery to position the upper jaw further inwards. Because its action is to
relax muscles, it is also useful to relief certain conditions like migraine and
jaw ache due to over-tight muscles. Sometimes a nose may look fat also due to
over-pull from tight muscles.
Another useful line of treatment is
Hyaluronic Acid. This is a naturally occurring substance found in the body. A
synthetic version of this material can be injected under the skin of the face
to pad up deficient areas like nose bridges, sunken cheeks and small chins. It
is also useful to balance up asymmetry in the left and right side of the face.
Sometimes the face may appear sunken after a number of teeth extractions result
in loss of the supporting facial bone. Do note that this material will
disappear after about six months meaning that while it is correctible and
reversible, it will also require periodic re-treatment. It is also not
effective at correcting sagging facial muscles or lack of muscle tone.